HotnHit Newsfeatures

 VOICE OF PEOPLE, VOICE OF NATION

POLITICS/ ECONOMY

 

Home I Editorial I Views I Issues I Politics I Economy I Agriculture I Society I Culture I History I Development I Entertainment I Environment I Science I Sports I Wildlife

 
 

Odisha lags in ensuring growth and alleviating poverty: Economic Survey

 

Picture source: odishatime.com

Posted on 10 Jul 2014

Last updated 06 Jul 2016

  Odisha, Economic Survey, Human Development

Naveen Patnaik government in Odisha might have been disappointed with the economic survey report of India for 2013-14 as the state doesn’t feature among the top five growth performers of the country. As per the report, Bihar is the best performing state in terms of growth rate of both gross state domestic product (GSDP) 2012-13 (15.1 per cent) and average GSDP 2005-06 to 2012-13 (9.9 per cent) and also in terms of per capita income growth 2012-13 (13.9 per cent).

Basudev Mahapatra

 

Odisha grossly lagged behind many states of India in ensuring growth, alleviating poverty, minimising rural-urban disparity and increasing monthly per capita consumer expenditure (MPCE) capacity, indicated the recently released Economic Survey report of India for the year 2013-14. While presenting the inter-state comparisons of performance of states based on different available indicators, the report mentioned, “some states have done very well in terms of growth indicators, they are poor performers in terms of other human development indicators.”

The report might have disappointed the Naveen Patnaik government in Odisha as the state doesn’t feature among the top five growth performers of the country.

As per the report, Bihar is the best performing state in terms of growth rate of both gross state domestic product (GSDP) 2012-13 (15.1 per cent) and average GSDP 2005-06 to 2012-13 (9.9 per cent) and also in terms of per capita income growth 2012-13 (13.9 per cent).

Madhya Pradesh is another state that has performed well along all three indicators. Gujarat and Kerala are the other two states that have performed well in terms of all these indicators and well above the all India average. However, in terms of absolute values of GSDP and per capita income, Maharashtra and Haryana respectively are at the top.

However, “there is no single worst performer in terms of all these indicators,” said the report adding that “while Tamil Nadu has the lowest growth in GSDP 2012-13 and Assam the lowest average GSDP growth, Rajasthan has the lowest per capita income growth in 2012-13.”

In spite of number of poverty alleviation programmes implemented in the state, as touted by the government of Odisha time and again, the state’s performance in this regard has not been alluring, as per the report.

Poverty estimates indicate that Odisha still remains to be the second poorest state of India. Bihar, which had the second highest poverty headcount ratio (HCR) in 2004-05, features at the first place in 2011-12 with the HCR at 33.7 per cent.

While the all India poverty HCR was 21.9 per cent, states like Madhya Pradesh, Assam, and Uttar Pradesh, besides Bihar and Odisha had above all India poverty levels in 2011-12.

In terms of rural poverty, both Odisha and Madhya Pradesh were at the top followed by Bihar and Assam. Kerala had the lowest poverty (7.1 per cent) followed by Himachal Pradesh (8.1 per cent) and Punjab (8.3 per cent).

Odisha has the lowest MPCE in rural areas followed by Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. However, in regard to MPCE in urban areas, Bihar has the lowest, in 2011-12, followed by Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh. The highest MPCE could be seen in Kerala and Haryana in rural and urban areas respectively with least expenditure on food share in Kerala compared to other states.

As per the report, Gujarat fared well in addressing the issue of unemployment, the report said. With a rate of 3 per thousand in 2011-12 against the all India average of 17 per thousand, rural unemployment rate as per the usual status (adjusted) was lowest in Gujarat followed by Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan in both 2011-12 and 2004-05.

In the case of urban unemployment also Gujarat had the lowest rate. Urban unemployment at 8 per thousand in 2011-12 in Gujarat was way below the all India average of 34 per thousand. Maharashtra with 23 per thousand was a distant second. While Kerala’s unemployment rate (both urban and rural) has fallen in 2011-12, it is still the highest. After Kerala, Assam followed by Bihar, West Bengal, Haryana and Odisha had high rural unemployment and Bihar followed by West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Haryana had high urban unemployment.

Odisha didn’t perform well even in controlling infant mortality rate (IMR). In 2012 IMR was the lowest in Kerala (12) and highest in Madhya Pradesh (56) followed by Assam (55), Odisha, and Uttar Pradesh (53 each) against a national IMR of 42. Birth rate was also lowest in Kerala (14.9) and highest in Bihar (27.7) against a national average of 21.6. Death rate was lowest in Maharashtra and West Bengal (6.3) and highest in Odisha (8.5) against a national average of 7.0.

Kerala is the best performing state in terms of the two indicators - Decadal growth of population (4.9 per cent) and sex ratio (1084) and is well ahead of other states. Andhra Pradesh is a distant second in terms of population growth and third in terms of sex ratio with Tamil Nadu in second place in terms of sex ratio. Bihar has the highest decadal growth of population (25.4) and Haryana the lowest sex ratio (879).

In regard to Education, Madhya Pradesh (135.2) had the highest GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) in the age group 6-10 years followed by Bihar (127.7) during 2010-11 while Punjab (84.3) had the lowest. GER in the age group 11-13 years was highest in Himachal Pradesh (113.8) followed by Tamil Nadu (112.3) and lowest in Bihar (64.6) followed by Assam (67.9). The relatively lower 11-13 years GER compared to 6-10 years GER indicates that the transition of students from primary to upper primary classes is relatively lower than the entry to primary classes. Pupil-teacher ratios at all India levels of education-primary, middle, and high schools-are very high in states like Uttar Pradesh and Bihar affecting the quality of education.

Visit us on Google+

Post a comment

If you look at issues from the

perspective of common man

and

want to share your ideas with our readers across the globe

submit your article

(at least 800 words)

at

hotnhitnews@yahoo.com

blog comments powered by Disqus
IN THE ARCHIVE
 
About Us I Contact Us I Get Our Guideline
Copy Right 2004 @ HOTnHIT Newsfeatures, Bhubaneswar, INDIA