As per the report, Bihar is the best performing
state in terms of growth rate of both gross state domestic product (GSDP)
2012-13 (15.1 per cent) and average GSDP 2005-06 to 2012-13 (9.9 per cent) and
also in terms of per capita income growth 2012-13 (13.9 per cent).
Madhya Pradesh is another state that has performed
well along all three indicators. Gujarat and Kerala are the other two states
that have performed well in terms of all these indicators and well above the all
India average. However, in terms of absolute values of GSDP and per capita
income, Maharashtra and Haryana respectively are at the top.
However, “there is no single worst performer in
terms of all these indicators,” said the report adding that “while Tamil Nadu
has the lowest growth in GSDP 2012-13 and Assam the lowest average GSDP growth,
Rajasthan has the lowest per capita income growth in 2012-13.”
In spite of number of poverty alleviation
programmes implemented in the state, as touted by the government of Odisha time
and again, the state’s performance in this regard has not been alluring, as per
Poverty estimates indicate that Odisha still
remains to be the second poorest state of India. Bihar, which had the second
highest poverty headcount ratio (HCR) in 2004-05, features at the first place in
2011-12 with the HCR at 33.7 per cent.
While the all India poverty HCR was 21.9 per cent,
states like Madhya Pradesh, Assam, and Uttar Pradesh, besides Bihar and Odisha
had above all India poverty levels in 2011-12.
In terms of rural poverty, both Odisha and Madhya
Pradesh were at the top followed by Bihar and Assam. Kerala had the lowest
poverty (7.1 per cent) followed by Himachal Pradesh (8.1 per cent) and Punjab
(8.3 per cent).
Odisha has the lowest MPCE in rural areas followed
by Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. However, in regard to MPCE in urban
areas, Bihar has the lowest, in 2011-12, followed by Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, and
Madhya Pradesh. The highest MPCE could be seen in Kerala and Haryana in rural
and urban areas respectively with least expenditure on food share in Kerala
compared to other states.
As per the report, Gujarat fared well in
addressing the issue of unemployment, the report said. With a rate of 3 per
thousand in 2011-12 against the all India average of 17 per thousand, rural
unemployment rate as per the usual status (adjusted) was lowest in Gujarat
followed by Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan in both 2011-12 and 2004-05.
In the case of urban unemployment also Gujarat had
the lowest rate. Urban unemployment at 8 per thousand in 2011-12 in Gujarat was
way below the all India average of 34 per thousand. Maharashtra with 23 per
thousand was a distant second. While Kerala’s unemployment rate (both urban and
rural) has fallen in 2011-12, it is still the highest. After Kerala, Assam
followed by Bihar, West Bengal, Haryana and Odisha had high rural unemployment
and Bihar followed by West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Haryana had high urban
Odisha didn’t perform well even in controlling
infant mortality rate (IMR). In 2012 IMR was the lowest in Kerala (12) and
highest in Madhya Pradesh (56) followed by Assam (55), Odisha, and Uttar Pradesh
(53 each) against a national IMR of 42. Birth rate was also lowest in Kerala
(14.9) and highest in Bihar (27.7) against a national average of 21.6. Death
rate was lowest in Maharashtra and West Bengal (6.3) and highest in Odisha (8.5)
against a national average of 7.0.
Kerala is the best performing state in terms of
the two indicators - Decadal growth of population (4.9 per cent) and sex ratio
(1084) and is well ahead of other states. Andhra Pradesh is a distant second in
terms of population growth and third in terms of sex ratio with Tamil Nadu in
second place in terms of sex ratio. Bihar has the highest decadal growth of
population (25.4) and Haryana the lowest sex ratio (879).
In regard to Education, Madhya Pradesh (135.2) had
the highest GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) in the age group 6-10 years followed by
Bihar (127.7) during 2010-11 while Punjab (84.3) had the lowest. GER in the age
group 11-13 years was highest in Himachal Pradesh (113.8) followed by Tamil Nadu
(112.3) and lowest in Bihar (64.6) followed by Assam (67.9). The relatively
lower 11-13 years GER compared to 6-10 years GER indicates that the transition
of students from primary to upper primary classes is relatively lower than the
entry to primary classes. Pupil-teacher ratios at all India levels of
education-primary, middle, and high schools-are very high in states like Uttar
Pradesh and Bihar affecting the quality of education.